Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya. The name comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nairobi. This means “cool water“, a reference to the Nairobi River which flows through the city. The city has the nickname Green City in the Sun.
Nairobi was founded in 1899 by British East Africa, as a rail depot on the Uganda Railway. After that, the town quickly grew to replace Mombasa as the capital of Kenya in 1907. As a result, it became the capital of the Republic of Kenya after independence in 1963. Until today it is the centre for the colony’s coffee, tea and sisal industry.
The modern world has quickly caught up with the city. A frontier town no more, Nairobi is one of Africa’s largest, and most interesting cities today. Nairobi is a city that never seems to sleep. The entire town has a boundless energy, and is thriving place where all of human life can be found. This is a place of great contrasts where race, tribe and origin all become facets of its unique character. The city has not lost its sense of the past. With an excellent museum and the historical home of Karen Blixen, author of Out of Africa open to visitors. Home to thousands of businesses, international companies and organizations, Nairobi is an established hub for business and culture.
A short drive from downtown Nairobi is the Nairobi National Park. The wide, open grass plain begins right on the city limits and is home to a variety of wildlife, including lions, leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, buffalo, giraffes and a diverse bird life with over 400 species. And it is also the most popular place to see the endangered black rhinos and they owe the park its nickname “Kifaru” (rhinoceros), of which there are still more than 50 here.
Next to it you will find the well-regarded elephant orphanage operated by the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust. It works to protect elephants, rhinos and giraffes and runs the world’s most successful rescue and rehabilitation program for orphaned animals.
Nairobi is also used as a jumping-off point for safari trips to the Masai Mara Natural Reserve.